A hen house or a chicken coop is a small home chicken house. Anywhere up to 30 chickens can be kept in a hen house. If you have 30 hens you can expect about 150 eggs per week - enough for any large family and then a lot to sell. Most small hen house only have about 10 chickens in - you can work out how many eggs by multiplying the hens by 4 or 5 - that is how many eggs you will get per chicken per week. You will need to feed each hen about 150grams of food per day. You can give them less if you are letting them free range or are supplementing the hens diet with kitchen scraps and vegetable from your garden.
Hen houses can be made of wood - not a great idea - cleaning a wooden hen house is difficult. Germs and disease end up in the wood - and when you clean them you will never be sure you have properly sanitised the chicken coop. A steel hen house is far better - easy to clean - and it will last a life time. The hen house in the picture has no mesh or curtain - the coop is fenced - so predators cannot get in - it is made for free range hens that are laying eggs. Each hen on this farm has it's own brooding nest - nest box. The nest boxes are made from natural occurring thatch grass on the farm. The farmer is moving towards, organic farming and green poultry farming. His supply chain and practises are regulated by the Organic poultry regulations. Although there is no need for green practises such as the grass brooding nests - he has the grass - and they are planet friendly. At the end of the laying cycle the grass will be added to his compost and new grass nest boxes will be made.